Keanekaragaman Jenis Ikan di Sepanjang Sungai Opak Propinsi Daerah Istimewa Yogyakarta, Indonesia

Donan Satria Yudha, Trijoko Trijoko, Rury Eprilurahman, Rizki Nugraha, Rosita Dwi Putri Suranto, Farahsani Umi Abida, Vega Felicia Tobing, Raden Firly Fathiya, Sri Nopitasari

Abstract


Penelitian mengenai keanekaragaman ikan air tawar di Sungai Opak DIY telah dilakukan dan dipublikasikan, tahun 2006, 2011 dan 2013. Data mengenai keanekaragaman ikan di Sungai Opak perlu dilakukan penambahan data, terutama data menyeluruh dari hulu hingga muara. Penambahan data perlu dilakukan, karena dimungkinkan ditemukan jenis ikan yang belum sempat tertangkap pada penelitian sebelumnya. Data jenis ikan yang tidak tertangkap pada penelitian sebelumnya, dapat menambah keanekaragaman jenis ikan di Sungai Opak. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk melengkapi dan menambah data keanekaragaman jenis ikan yang terdapat di sepanjang Sungai Opak, dari hulu hingga muara. Pengambilan sampel dari hulu hingga muara menggunakan metode Purposive Random Sampling dengan bantuan jaring besar, kecil dan jala tebar. Sampling secara umum dibagi dalam empat bagian yaitu: hulu, tengah, hilir dan muara. Pada penelitian yang kami lakukan, terdapat beberapa jenis ikan yang tidak dijumpai pada penelitian sebelumnya, yaitu: lima jenis ikan dibagian hulu, di bagian tengah terdapat tiga jenis ikan yang tidak dijumpai pada penelitian sebelumnya, baik sampling hulu maupun hilir. Di bagian hilir dijumpai tujuh jenis ikan saat penelitian ini dan tidak dijumpai pada penelitian sebelumnya. Pada bagian muara, dijumpai lima belas jenis ikan yang tidak dijumpai di hilir pada penelitian sebelumnya. Total terdapat 28 jenis ikan yang dijumpai di tahun 2013 tetapi belum dijumpai di penelitian sebelumnya.


Keywords


keanekaragaman, ikan, data baru, tambahan data, Sungai Opak, DIY

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.24002/biota.v5i2.2939

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