THE ANALYSIS ON THE STAKEHOLDERS OF CONFLICT MITIGATION IN THE WAY KAMBAS NATIONAL PARK, LAMPUNG

Gebyar Andyono, Djoko Marsono, Ronggo Sadono, M Ali Imron

Abstract


Stakeholders with different interests and influences (power) are related to the human-wild elephant conflict mitigation in the Way Kambas National Park in Lampung. Stakeholders need to manage properly to achieve conflict mitigation objectives optimally. This research was conducted in Way Kambas National Park in Lampung. Data were collected with observations, interviews, and related document studies without involving active participations of related stakeholders and data were analyzed by using descriptive qualitative analysis. This research was conducted from September to December 2016. The identification results showed that there were 11 stakeholders dealing with the human-wild elephant conflict mitigation in Way Kambas National Park. The identified stakeholders were divided into three classifications: (1) subject stakeholders coming from farmer groups and people from buffering villages, (2) key player stakeholders consisting of Way Kambas National Park Institution, regional government (village, district and provincial governments), local partners/non-government organizations (Sumatra Forest Conservation and Wildlife Conservation Society-Indonesia Program), Forum Rembug Desa Penyangga/village discussion forums, and Lampung University, and (3) the context setter stakeholder from a private company (PT. Nusantara Tropical Fruit). This research did not find stakeholder from crowd classification. The relationships between stakeholders showed complementary cooperation. The implication of human-wild elephant conflict mitigation management in Way Kambas National Park is that the stakeholder management to build cooperation and collaboration in the form of communication forums to achieve the objectives of human-wild elephant conflict mitigation in Way Kambas National Park is required.

Keywords: stakeholder, power-interest matrix, actor-linkage matrix, Way Kambas National Park


Full Text:

PDF

References


Adimu, H.E., Boer, M., Yulianda, F., and Damar, A., 2017. The Role of Stakeholders in Marine Conservation Areas in Wakatobi National Park, Indonesia. AACL Bioflux, 10(6), pp.1483-1491.

Balai Taman Nasional Way Kambas, 2016. Rencana Pengelolaan Jangka Panjang Taman Nasional Way Kambas Provinsi Lampung Periode 2017 - 2026.

Biggs, S. and Matsaert, H., 1999. An actor-oriented approach for strengthening research and development capabilities in natural resource systems. Public Administration and Development, 19(3), pp.231–262.

Bowen, G.A., 2009. Document Analysis as a Qualitative Research Method. Qualitative Research Journal, [online] 9(2), pp.27–40.

Brugha, R. and Varvasovszky, Z., 2000. Stakeholder analysis: a review. Health Policy and Planning, [online] 15(3), pp.239–246.

Departemen Kehutanan, 2007. Strategi dan Rencana Aksi Konservasi Gajah Sumatera Dan Gajah Kalimantan 2007-2017. Jakarta.

Friedman, A.L. and Miles, S., 2006. Stakeholder - Theory and Practice. New York: Oxford University Press.

Handoyo. 2015. Resolusi Konflik di Taman Nasional Tesso Nilo, Riau, Indonesia: Tinjauan Relasi Pemangku Kepentingan. Jurnal Analisis Kebijakan Kehutanan, 12(2), pp.89-103

He, Q., Wu, Z., Zhou, W. and Dong, R., 2011. Perception and attitudes of local communities towards wild elephant-related problems and conservation in Xishuangbanna, Southwestern China. Chinese Geographical Science, [online] 21(5), pp.629–636.

Hedges, S. and Gunaryadi, D., 2009. Reducing human–elephant conflic: do chillies help deter elephants from entering crop fileds? Oryx, [online] 44(1), pp.139–146.

Hedges, S., Tyson, M.J., Sitompul, A.F., Kinnaird, M.F., Gunaryadi, D. and Aslan, 2005. Distribution, status, and conservation needs of Asian elephants (Elephas maximus) in Lampung Province, Sumatra, Indonesia. Biological Conservation, [online] 124(1), pp.35–48.

Hill, C.M., 2004. Farmers’ perspectives of conflict at the wildlife–agriculture boundary: Some lessons learned from African subsistence farmers. Human Dimensions of Wildlife, [online] 9, pp.279–286.

Ichsan, A.C., Soekmadi, R., Adiwibowo, S., and Kusmana, C., 2017. Peran Pemangku Kepentingan dalam Pelaksanaan Model Desa Konservasi di Taman Nasional Gunung Rinjani. Jurnal Analisis Kebijakan Kehutanan, 14(1), pp.47-59.

Jolibert, C. and Wesselink, A., 2012. Research impacts and impact on research in biodiversity conservation: The influence of stakeholder engagement. Environmental Science and Policy, [online] 22, pp.100–111.

Kadir, A.W., Awang, S.A., Purwanto, R.H., and Poedjirahajoe, E., 2013. Stakeholder Analysis of Bantimurung Bulusaraung National Park Management, South Sulawesi Province. Jurnal Manusia dan Lingkungan. 20(1), pp.11-21.

Keele, R., 2011. Chapter 3 - Quantitative versus Qualitative Research, or Both? In: Nursing Research and Evidence-Based Practice. Jones & Bartlett Learning, pp.35–52.

Kothari, C.R., 2004. Research Methodology: Methods and Techniques. second ed. New Age International (P) Ltd. New Delhi: New Age International (P) Ltd.

Latupapua, Y.T., 2015. Implementasi Peran Stakeholder dalam Pengembangan Ekowisata di Taman Nasional Manusela (TNM) di Kabupaten Maluku Tengah. Jurnal Agroforestri, 10(1), pp.21-30.

Nyhus, P.J., Tilson, R. and Sumianto, 2000. Crop raiding Elephants and Conservation Implications at Way Kambas National Park, Sumatra, Indonesia.pdf. Oryx, 34(4), pp.262–274.

P.48/Menhut-II/2008 tentang Pedoman Penanggulangan Konflik antara Manusia dan Satwa Liar.

Perera, B.O., 2009. The human-elephant conflict: A review of current status and mitigation methods. Gajah, [online] 30, pp.41–52.

Prasasti, B.G., Basuni, S., Sunarminto, T., 2015. Strategi Penyelesaian Konflik Penguasaan Lahan di Lokapurna Taman Nasional Gunung Halimun Salak. Media Konservasi, 20(1), pp.40-47.

Redpath, S.M., Arroyo, B.E., Leckie, F.M., Bacon, P., Bayfield, N., Gutierrez, R.J. and Thirgood, S.J., 2004. Using Decision Modeling with Stakeholders to Reduce Human–Wildlife Conflict : A Raptor–Grouse Case Study. Conservation Biology, 18(2), pp.350–359.

Reed, M.S., Graves, A., Dandy, N., Posthumus, H., Hubacek, K., Morris, J., Prell, C., Quinn, C.H. and Stringer, L.C., 2009. Who’s in and why? A typology of stakeholder analysis methods for natural resource management. Journal of Environmental Management, 90(5), pp.1933–1949.

Reed, M.S., 2008. Stakeholder participation for environmental management: A literature review. Biological Conservation, 141(10), pp.2417–2431.

Roslinda, E., Darusmana, D., Suharjito, D., and Nurrochmat, D.R., 2012. Analisis Pemangku Kepentingan dalam Pengelolaan Taman Nasional Danau Sentarum Kabupaten Kapuas Hulu, Kalimantan Barat. Jurnal Manajemen Hutan Tropika, 18(2), pp.78-85.

Rust, N.A., 2017. Can stakeholders agree on how to reduce human–carnivore conflict on Namibian livestock farms? A novel Q-methodology and Delphi exercise. Oryx, [online] 51(02), pp.339–346.

Treves, A., Wallace, R.B., Naughton-Treves, L. and Morales, A., 2006. Co-managing human–wildlife conflicts: a review. Human Dimensions of Wildlife, [online] 11, pp.383–396.

Vogler, D., Macey, S. and Sigouin, A., 2017. Stakeholder Analysis in Environmental and Conservation Planning. Lessons in Conservation, 7, pp.5–16.

Winara, A., and Mukhtar, A.S., 2011. Potensi Kolaborasi dalam Pengelolaan Taman Nasional Teluk Cenderawasih di Papua. Jurnal Penelitian Hutan dan Konservasi Alam, 8(3), pp.217-226.

Yang, J., Shen, G.Q., Bourne, L., Ho, C.M. and Xue, X., 2011. A typology of operational approaches for stakeholder analysis and engagement. Construction Management and Economics, 29(2), pp.145–162.

Yoserizal dan Yesi. 2017. Conflict of Interest among Stakeholders in Tesso Nilo National Park (TNNP). Jurnal Antropologi, 19(2), pp.101-107.

Zidane, Y.J.T., Johansen, A., Ekambaram, A. and Hald, L.C., 2015. When Stakeholders Shape Successes or Bring Failures - A Case Study of an Algerian Megaproject. Procedia Computer Science, [online] 64(1877), pp.844–851.

Zimmermann, A., Davies, T.E., Hazarika, N., Wilson, S., Chakrabarty, J., Hazarika, B. and Das, D., 2009. Community-Based Human-Elephant Conflict Management in Assam. Gajah, [online] (30), pp.34–40.




DOI: https://doi.org/10.24002/kinerja.v22i1.1567

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.