ARCHITECTURAL ACCULTURATION: ISLAMIC AND JAVANESE SPIRITUAL ELEMENTS IN SUMUR GUMULING DESIGN AT TAMANSARI, YOGYAKARTA

Pradianti Lexa Savitri, Yohanes Djarot Purbadi, Bonifasius Sumardiyanto

Abstract


This paper aims to reveal the existence of Islamic and Javanese elements in the spatial structure and form of the Sumur Gumuling Design in Tamansari, Yogyakarta. The Sumur Gumuling in Tamansari Yogyakarta, all this time, is known as a mosque facility for the Sultan of Yogyakarta, located within Tamansari, which functions as a recreation area and fortress. The unique design of Sumur Gumuling is that there is a well in the middle and surrounded by circular buildings. The question is how the existence of Islamic and Javanese elements in the design of the Sumur Gumuling. Qualitative and interpretive-based research is supported by methods of field observation and literature study as well as interviews with local resource persons. The result found the existence of spiritual elements and Islamic architecture mixed with the spiritual elements of Kejawen in the Sumur Gumuling Design in Tamansari, Yogyakarta. The mixing of spiritual elements of Islam and Kejawen in the Sumur Gumuling design shows the concept of Architectural Acculturation that underlies the design.


Keywords


Islam; Kejawen; Architectural acculturation; Tamansari; Sumur Gumuling

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References


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DOI: https://doi.org/10.24002/jars.v13i2.3399

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