ANALISIS PEMBERDAYAAN PEREMPUAN PADA NEW VENTURE CREATION: ENTREPRENEURIAL SELF-EFFICACY SEBAGAI VARIABEL PEMODERASI

Daniel Joel Immanuel Kairupan, Noormalita Primandaru

Abstract


ABSTRACT

This study focuses on the effects of education empowerement, financial empowerment, and access of technology on new venture creation, with entrepreneurial self-efficacy as a moderating variable, and housewives as the research subject. This study is a cross-sectional field research and uses non-probability purposive sampling method. The research sample is the women in a Family Welfare Movement (Pembinaan Kesejahteraan Keluarga/PKK) group in the coastal village of Bantul. The analysis is conducted by using Partial Least Square (PLS) and based on a structural equation modeling (SEM) in simultaneously testing the measurement model and structural model.

 

Keywords:       new venture creation; entrepreneurial self-efficacy; education empowerement; financial empowerment; access of technology

 

ABSTRAK

Penelitian ini berfokus pada pengaruh education empowerement, financial empowerment, dan access of technology terhadap new venture creation dan entrepreneurial self-efficacy sebagai variabel pemoderasi pada perempuan ibu rumah tangga. Setting yang digunakan adalah setting alamiah yang juga disebut field research. Dari sisi dimensi waktu, penelitian ini termasuk dalam kategori penelitian cross-sectional. Teknik pengambilan sampel menggunakan non probability sampling tipe purposive sampling. Sampel dalam penelitian ini adalah perempuan yang tergabung dalam kelompok Pembinaan Kesejahteraan Keluarga (PKK) di Desa kawasan pesisir Bantul. Model analisis yang digunakan adalah model analisis Partial Least Square (PLS) mengikuti pola model persamaan struktural (SEM) berbasis varian yang secara stimultan dapat melakukan pengujian model pengukuran sekaligus pengujian model struktural.

 

Kata kunci:      new venture creation; entrepreneurial self-efficacy; education empowerement; financial empowerment; access of technology


Full Text:

PDF

References


Ahlin, B., Drnovsek, M., & Hisrich, D., R. (2013). Entrepreneurs’ Creativity and Firm Innovation: The Moderating Role of Entrepreneurial Self-Efficacy. Small Bus Econ. 43:101–117.

Arafah, Willy. (2010). Esensi Lingkungan Bisnis & Entrepreneurship. Jakarta : Universitas Trisakti.

Bandura, A. (1989). Human Agency in Social Cognitive Theory. The American Psychologist, 44(9), 1175–1184.

Bank Indonesia & Lippi. (2015). Profil Bisnis Usaha Mikro, Kecil Dan Menengah (UMKM). Jakarta: Bank Indonesia dan LIPPI.

Chen, C. C., Greene, P. G., & Crick, A. (1998). Does Entrepreneurial Self-Efficacy Distinguish Entrepreneurs from Managers?. Journal Of Business Venturing, 13(4), 295–316.

Colovic, Ana., dan Lamotte, Olivier. (2017). Technological Environment and Technology Entrepreneurship: A Cross-Country Analysis. Creativity and Innovation Management.

Correia, A. (2000). Strategies to Expand Battered Women’s Economic Opportunities: Building Comprehensive Solution to Domestic Violence. Hinesburg : National Resources Centre On Domestic Violence.

Dinas Kependudukan Daerah Istimewa Yogyakarta. (2017). Statistik Penduduk Daerah Istimewa Yogyakarta. Diunduh dari http://kependudukan.jogjaprov.go.id/olah.php?module=statistik&periode=8&jenisdata=penduduk&berdasarkan=jumlahpenduduk∝=34&kab=03&kec=00. Diakses tanggal 10 Agustus 2018

Enemuo, F. C. (2001). Political Participation and the Economic Empowerment of Nigerian Women: Imperatives and Prospects. In Obi C. I. (Ed), Women’s Political Participation through Economic Empowerment. Lagos: O.V.C. Nigeria Limited.

Fiet, James O. (2014). The Relationship between Entrepreneurship Education and Entrepreneurial Intentions: A Meta-Analytic Review. Entrepreneurship Theory and Practice.

Hisrich, R.D. (2005). Entrepreneurship: New Venture Creation, 5th edition. Tata Mc Graw Hill, New Delhi.

Imhonopi, David., Paula, Ajayi., Urim, Ugochukwu Moses. (2016). Increasing the access of women entrepreneurs to finance in Nigeria. A panoply of readings in social sciences: Lessons for and from Nigeria. Lagos: Department of Sociology, Covenant University, Ota, Ogun State.

Kinsaul, Jessica Abigael. (2010). Empowerment, Feminism and Self-Efficacy: Relationships with Disordered Body Image and Eating. Submitted to the Graduate School Appalachian State University in Partial Fulfillment of The Requirements for The Degree Masters of Arts. Department of Psychology.

Laura. (2010). Psikologi Umum. Jakarta: Salemba Humanika.

Leon J.A, Descals, F.J, Dominguez, J.F. (2007). The Psychosocial Profile of the University Entrepreneur. Journal of Psychology in Spain, 11(1), 72-84.

Lestari, Retno Budi. (2010). Pemberdayaan Wanita Melalui Teknologi Informasi. Seminar Nasional Aplikasi Teknologi Informasi 2010. Yogyakarta.

Lockheed, M. E. dan Verspoor, A. M. (1994). Improving Primary Education in Developing Countries. Washington, DC : The World Bank.

Lubem, A. E., & Sarah, D. H. (2018). Moderating Effect of Self-Efficacy on the Relationship between Women Empwerment and New Venture Creation in Benue State Nigeria. International Journal of Information, Business and Management, Vol 10, No.2.

Ngila, C. (2015). The Influence of Female Entrepreneurship on the Empowerment of Women in Machakos Sub-Country Kenya. Research Project Submitted In Partial Fulfillmentof The Requirement For The Award Of Degree of Masters Of Art In Project Planning And Management Of The University Of Nairobi.

Okeke, E. A. C. (1995). Women Empowerment and Rural Development. In E. C. Eboh, C. U.

Pemerintah Kabupaten Bantul. (2017). Bantul Dalam Angka. Diunduh dari https://www.bantulkab.go.id/ Diakses tanggal 13 Agustus 2018.

Sanusi, L. S. (2012). Increasing Women’s Access to finance: Challenges and Opportunities. Being a paper presented by the Governor of the Central Bank at the Second African Women’s Economic Summit held in Lagos, Nigeria.

Segal, S.P., Silverman, C., & Temkin, T. (1995). Measuring Empowerment in Client-Run-Self-Help Agencies. Community Mental Health Journal, 31.

Sekaran, Uma. (2006). Metode Penelitian Untuk Bisnis 1. (4th Ed). Jakarta: Salemba Empat.

Sondari, M. C. (2009). Hubungan antara Pelaksanaan Mata Kuliah Kewirausahaan dengan Pilihan Karir Berwirausaha pada Mahasiswa dengan Mempertimbangkan Gender dan Latar Belakang Pekerjaan Orang Tua. Manajemen Fakultas Ekonomi Universitas Padjadjaran : Bandung.

Supeni, R.E., & Sari, M.I. (2011). Upaya Pemberdayaan Ekonomi Perempuan Melalui Pengembangan Manajemen Usaha Kecil (Studi Diskriptif Pada Kegiatan Usaha Kecil Ibu-Ibu Desa Wirolegi Kabupaten Jember, Dampingan Pusat Studi Wanita Um Jember). Seminar Nasional Ilmu Ekonomi Terapan. Fakultas Ekonomi Unimus.

Syarifuddin, Ahmad. (2018). Tak Berani Melaut Karena Ombak Tinggi, Nelayan Depok Bingung Mencari Penghasilan. Diunduh dari http://jogja.tribunnews.com/2018/05/01/tak-berani-melaut-karena-ombak-tinggi-nelayan-pantai-depok-bantul-bingung-cari-penghasilan. Diakses tanggal 10 Agustus 2018.

Timmons, J.A. (1999), New Venture Creation: A Guide to Entrepreneurship for 21st Century. Irwin, Homewood Il.

United Nations Industrial Development Organization. (2017). Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development. Diunduh dari https://sustainabledevelopment.un.org/partnership/partners/?id=445 Diakses tanggal 09 Agustus 2018.

Utari, Tri & Dewi, P. M. (2014). Pengaruh Modal, Tingkat Pendidikan dan Teknologi terhadap Pendapatan Usaha Mikro Kecil dan Menengah (UMKM) di Kawasan Imam Bonjol Denpasar Barat. E-Jurnal Ekonomi Pembangunan Universitas Udayana. Vol. 3, No. 12.

Woldie, A. & Adersua, A. (2004). Female Entrepreneurs in a Transitional Economy: Business Women in Nigeria. International Journal of Social Economist, 31(12), 78-90.

Wood, R.E & Bandura, A. (1989). Effect of Perceived Controllability and Performance Standards on Self Regulation of Complex Decision Making. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 56, 805-814.

World Economic Forum (2016). The Global Gender Gap Report 2016. Diunduh dari http://reports.weforum.org/global-gender-gap-report-2016/?doing_wp_cron=1534253341.9750549793243408203125. Diakses tanggal 08 Agustus 2018.

Zahra, S., Wright, M., (2011). Entrepreneurship’s Next Act. Academy of Management Perspectives, 25, 67–83.




DOI: https://doi.org/10.24002/modus.v32i2.3515

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.