Author Guideline

Instructions for Authors


Manuscript Requirements

In preparing the manuscript, please refer to the Writing Template provided. General guidelines for preparing articles to be published in the Proceedings of the Annual Academic Research Colloquium are as follows:

File format: Manuscripts must be in Microsoft Word format.

Language: Manuscripts can be written in either Indonesian or English.

Article Length: Articles should be between 5-10 pages, including the abstract, references, table and figure explanations, and appendices.

Title of the article: Titles should be concise. Do not include the identity of the research location, such as the name of the company or organization in case studies. Information about the research location can be introduced in the body of the manuscript.

All authors who have made significant contributions to the research and/or manuscript writing must be listed in the manuscript in the desired order. Names should be written without academic titles. The first and last names of each author must be included. Middle names or other names can be represented by initials.

The following information about the authors must be included in the manuscript:

  • Author affiliations, with the format of the program name or department, university or organization name, city name, and country name.
  • Email addresses (institutional email addresses are recommended).
  • Corresponding author information.
  • Individuals or entities that have provided support but did not contribute to the research should be acknowledged in the Acknowledgment section. Additionally, authors are not allowed to include names of individuals who did not contribute to or do not wish to be associated with the research and/or manuscript.
  • All external research funding sources must be included in the Acknowledgment section.
  • Manuscripts must include an abstract that covers background, methods, results, and conclusions. In the background, describe the broader context of the problem and research questions, and clearly state the research objectives. The abstract should be written in both Indonesian and English, except for manuscripts in English, which should only have an abstract in English. The length of the abstract should be 150-200 words.
  • Articles should be written on A4-sized paper (210 x 297 mm) in a one-column format with left margin 25 mm, right margin 25 mm, bottom margin 25 mm, and top margin 30 mm. The entire article should be written in Palatino Linotype font. The general font size is 11 pt, with exceptions for article titles (14 pt), author names (12 pt), abstracts and keywords (10 pt).
  • Authors must choose one of the following article types: 1) Research articles, 2) Case study articles, or 3) Review papers.
    • Research articles: These articles report all types of research conducted by the authors, including model development, framework or method construction or testing, data analysis, empirical research, or practical focus articles.
    • Case study articles: Case studies involve the implementation, experience, and in-depth analysis of frameworks and/or methods in an organization. Findings that make a specific framework or method applicable, whether in general cases or specific cases, should be discussed in this type of article.
    • Review papers: A review paper aims to analyse the development of a specific topic or the author's perspective on a specific topic, presented comprehensively. This type of research can also synthesize previous research in a specific research field.

Article Organization

  • Articles should contain the following scientific article components:
  • Article Title
  • Author Name
  • Author Affiliation
  • Abstract and Keywords
  • Introduction
  • Method
  • Results and Discussion
  • Conclusion
  • Acknowledgments (if any)
  • References


If the article is written in English, the core parts of the article include 1) Introduction, 2) Method, 3) Results and Discussion, and 4) Conclusion.

In the Introduction section, explain the broad context of the topic, followed by an explanation of the problem and the significance (reason) of the problem being addressed. Present a review of previous literature to determine the extent to which previous research has attempted to solve the problem and where further development is needed (research gap), as the basis for the scientific novelty statement of the article (state of the art). Avoid literature reviews that only serve as a theoretical basis, as in research reports. At the end, emphasize the research objectives, including the motivation, benefits, and/or uniqueness provided by the research in the article.

In the Method section, present the research method in narrative form, including the research type and the approaches and techniques used in the problem-solving process to achieve the research objectives. Provide all data, materials, computer code, and relevant protocols. New methods and protocols should be described in detail, while established and widely used methods (theoretical basis) can be briefly described and cited appropriately.

In the Results and Discussion section, provide a concise and precise description of the results of the analysis, experiments, and tests in the research. Interpret these results from the perspective of previous research and existing hypotheses, as indicated by citations from previous research that are compared. Research results can strengthen or correct previous findings. Discuss the implications and new understandings obtained, both theoretically and practically. Use figures, graphs, or tables to explain important research findings.

The Conclusion section presents answers to the research objectives and/or hypotheses and new scientific findings obtained. Write conclusions for the overall research in narrative form, rather than in bullet points or numerals. Describe the limitations of the research and ideas for future research.

Section Headings/Titles

Section headings/titles should be concise, with clear indications of the necessary hierarchy. The recommended format is to use bold Arabic numerals (1, 2, 3) for the first-level title and 1.1, 1.2, etc., for subsequent subheadings.


In addition to images, graphs, and flowcharts can be considered as figures. Figure graphs do not need to be placed in boxes.

Figures should be clearly presented (font size, resolution, and line size should be legible). Figure captions should be written below the figure in lowercase letters, except for the first letter of each sentence. Figure captions should be numbered sequentially with Arabic numerals. The figure number should be in bold (bold). Figures should be centred on the page, and all figures must be referred to in the text. If the figure is taken from another source, include the source name below the table or figure.

The spacing between the last text line and the figure is 1 space. Similarly, a new paragraph should start with a 1-space gap below the figure title.


Tables should be editable, and all tables must be referred to in the text. The font size inside the tables should be adjusted to a minimum size of 8 pt. Each table should have a table caption and a sequential Arabic numeral above the table. The table number should be in bold (bold). Tables should not contain vertical lines, and only essential horizontal lines should be included. Tables should be centred on the page.

The spacing between the last text line and the table title is 1 space. Additionally, a 6-pt space should be added between the table title and the top line of the table.

Mathematical Equations and Models

If mathematical models are presented, each mathematical equation must be numbered and referenced in the text. Mathematical equations should also be editable. All notation in mathematical equations should be in italics, both within the equations and in the text.


All references or citations in the manuscript should be formatted using APA (American Psychological Association) style. Authors need to check all citations for completeness, accuracy, and consistency.