Hendro Valence Luhulima


This paper would like to examine the requirements and validity of jus cogens. This is very important because jus cogens itself is very difficult to identify. This ambiguity makes jus cogens a controversial norm, and is considered not to provide legal certainty. Moreover, in terms of the implementation of the norm. In this regard, I will provide some alternative requirements of a norm as jus cogens, and a brief review of the validity of jus cogens inferred from the opinions of international legal experts and the provisions of the Vienna Convention 1969 on the Law of Treaties.

Keywords: Jus cogens, international law, Vienna Convention on the law of treaties 1969.



Tulisan ini hendak mengkaji persyaratan dan validitas dari jus cogens. Hal ini dianggap penting sebab jus cogens itu sendiri sangat sulit untuk diidentifikasikan. Ketidakjelasan ini membuat jus cogens sebagai norma yang kontroversial, dan dianggap tidak memberikan kepastian hukum. Terlebih lagi dalam hal pemberlakuan norma tersebut. Berkaitan dengan hal tersebut, tulisan ini akan memberikan beberapa alernatif persyaratan suatu norma sebagai jus cogens, dan kajian singkat mengenai validitas pemberlakuan jus cogens yang disimpulkan dari pendapat-pendapat ahli hukum internasional dan ketentuan Konvensi Wina 1969 tentang Hukum Perjanjian Internasional.

Kata Kunci: Jus cogens, hukum internasional, Konvensi Wina Tahun 1969 tentang Hukum Perjanjian Internasional.


Jus cogens, international law, Vienna Convention on the law of treaties 1969

Full Text:



A. A. A Nanda Saraswati, “Kriteria untuk Menentukan Hak Asasi Manusia sebagai Jus Cogens dalam Hukum Internasional”, Arena Hukum, Volume 10, Nomor 2, Agustus 2017.

Harry Purwanto, “Keberadaan Asas Rebus Sic Stantibus dalam Perjanjian Internasional”, Jurnal Opinio Juris, Volume 13, Mei-Agustus 2013.

Kyoji Kawasaki, “A Brief Note on The Legal Effect of Jus Cogens in International Law”, Hitotsubashi Journal of Law and Politics, Nomor 34, 2006.

Merlin M. Magallona, “The Concept of Jus Cogens in the Vienna Convention on the Law of the Treaties”, Philippine Law Journal, Volume 51, 1976.

S. E Nahklik, “The Grounds of Invalidity and Termination of Treaties”, American Journal of International Law, Volume 65, Nomor 5, Oktober 1971.

Virgayani Fattah, “Hak Asasi Manusia sebagai Jus Cogens dan Kaitannya dengan Hak atas Pendidikan”, Yuridika, Volume 32, Nomor 2, Mei 2017.

Olivier Deleau, Les positions françaises à la Conférence de Vienne sur le droit des traités, Annuaire français de droit international, Volume 15, 1969.

Ulrich Scheuner, Conflict of Treaty Provision with a Peremptory Norm of General International Law and Its Consequences, diakses melalui, 20 Februari 2018, Pukul 10.42 WIB.

Documents of the Second Part of the Seventeenth Session and of the Eighteenth Session including the Reports of the Commission to the General Assembly, Year Book of the International Law Commission, 1966, Volume II, hlm. 247-248.

General Assembly official Record, Twenty-First Session, Suppl. 9/A.

United Nations Document A/Conf. 39/11.

Statute of the International Court of Justice.

Vienna Convention on the law of treaties 1969.

Vienna Convention on the Law of Treaties between States and International Organizations or between International Organizations 1986.

Prosecutor v. Furundzija, Judgment, Case No. IT-95-17/1-T, Trial Chamber, 10 Desember 1998.