EFFECTIVENESS OF THE INTERNATIONAL CRIMINAL COURT’S JURISDICTION IN IMPUNITY PREVENTION

Belardo Prasetya Mega Jaya, Ariesta Wibisono Anditya

Abstract


This research aims to describe and explain the International Criminal Court’s jurisdictions in an effort to prevent impunity. Additionally, this research provides answer to the question of ICC’s effectiveness in upholding justice over international crimes. This research is a normative law research. The research results shows, under Rome Statute of the International Criminal Court 1998, the purpose of a trial is to end impunity over serious crimes. To implement such a purpose, ICC exercise their jurisdictions conform to Rome Statute. However, the exercise of ICC’s jurisdictions are still ineffective, such phenonemon could arise by many factors.


Keywords


ICC’s Effectiveness; ICC’s Jurisdiction; Impunity prevention; International Criminal Law Enforcement.

Full Text:

PDF

References


Books

Akehurst, Modern Introduction of International Law, 7th Edition, London: Routledge, 1999.

Andreas Zimmermann, Jurisdiction, admissibility and applicable law: Crimes within the jurisdiction of the Court, Portland: Hart and Publishing, 2008.

Antonio Cassese, International Criminal Law, New York: Oxford University Press, 2003.

Arie Siswanto, Hukum Pidana Internasional, Yogyakarta: Andi Offset, 2015.

Eddy Djunaedi Karnasudirdja, Dari Pengadilan Militer Internasional Nuremberg ke Pengadilan Hak Asasi Manusia, Sejarah Pengadilan Pidana Internasional Sejak Perang Dunie Ke II hingaa Sekarang, Jakarta: PT. Tatanusa, 2003.

Henry Campbell Black, Black's Law Dictionary, 6th Edition, Centennial Edition 1891-1991.

I Gede Widhiana Suarda, Hukum Pidana Internasional, Bandung: PT Citra Aditya Bakti, 2012.

I Wayan Parthiana, Hukum Pidana Internasional, Bandung: CV Yrama Widya, 2006.

Kriangsak Kittichaisaree, International Criminal Law, New York: Oxford University, 2001.

Tristam Pascal Moeliono, Hukum Pidana: Komentar atas Pasal-Pasal Terpenting dari Undang-Undang Hukum Pidana Belanda dan Padanannya dalam Kitab Undang-Undang Hukum Pidana Indonesia, Jakarta: Gramedia Pustaka Utama, 2003.

Tolib Effendi, Hukum Pidana Internasional, Yogyakarta: Pustaka Yustisia, 2014.

R. Sughandi, KUHP dan Penjelasannya, Surabaya: Usaha Nasional, 1980.

William A. Schabas, An Introduction to The International Criminal Court, United Kingdom, Cambridge University Press, 2001.

--------------------, The International Criminal Court: A Commentary on the Rome Statute, United Kingdom: Oxford University Press, 2010.

Articles and Websites

Arie Siswanto, “Pengadilan Hibrida (Hybrid Court) sebagai Alternatif Penanganan Kejahatan Internasional”, Jurnal Refleksi Hukum, Vol. 10, No. 1, FK Universitas Kristen Satya Wacana, 2016.

Daniel Benoliel dan Ronen Perry, “Israel, Palestine, and the ICC”, Michigan Journal of International Law, Vol. 32:73, Februari 2010

ICC, Rome Statute of the International Criminal Court, document A/CONF.183/9 of 17 Juli 1998, dapat diakses secara online di https://www.icccpi.int/nr/rdonlyres

/ea9aeff7-5752-4f84-be94-0a655eb30e16/0/rome_statute_english.pdf.

Georg Schwa rzenberger, “International Law as Applied by International Courts and Tribunals: The Law of Armed Conflict”, Netherlands International Law Review, Vol II, London: Stevens & Sons Limited, 1968.

J. Llewellyn, “A comment on the Complementary Jurisdiction of the International Criminal Court: Adding Insult to Injury in Transnat ional Contexts?”, Dallhousie Law Journal 24, 2001.

Human Rights Wathc, Child Soldiers, 2013, dapat diakses di https://www.hrw.org/to

pic/childrens-rights/child-soldiers.

International Commission of Jurists, “Exercise of Jurisdiction and Comple mentarity” , International Commission of Jurists Brief No. 2, 2 Juni 1998.

International Criminal Court “ Declaration Accepting the Jurisdiction of the International Criminal Court” 31 Desember 2014. Dapat diakses di http://

www.icc- cpi.int/iccdocs/PIDS/press/Palestine_A_12-3.pdf.

-----------------, “ICC welcomes Palestine as a new State Party”. Press Release ICC-CPI-20150401-PR1103, 1 April 2015.

-----------------, Situations and Cases, Situations under investigation, dapat diakses di https://www.icc-cpi.int/pages/situations.aspx.

Manhoush H. Arsanjani, “The Rome Statute of the International Criminal Court ”, 93 American Journal of International law, 22, 1999.

Margaret M. deGuzman, “Gravity And The Legitimacy of The International Criminal Court”, Fordham International Law Journal, Vol. 32:1400, 4 Juni 2009.

Mohamed M. El Zeidy, “The Principle of Compele mentarity: A new Machniery to Implement International Criminal Law”, Michigan Journal of International Law 23, 2002.

Peter Ma lanczuk, Akehurst’s, Modern Introudction to International Law, London and New York: Routledge Taylor & Francis Group, 2002, dapat diakses di http://jpkc.fudan.edu.cn/picture/article/460/b5/d0/c17942674e1f8832344e9e0ec9fc/f7ad336c-8294-46f8-a94e-e863ccb9094f.pdf.

Roy S. Lee Ed., “The International Criminal Court: The Making of the Rome Statute, Issues, Negotiations, Results”. Kluwer Law International, 1999.

The International Military Tribunal Nuremberg ,www.un.org/

Doc.2_Charter%20of%20IMT%201945.pdf.

The International Military Tribunal for The Far East) dapat diakses di www.un.

org/en/.../Doc.3_1946%20Tokyo%20Charter.pdf.

The International Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia (ICTY), dapat diakses di http://www.icty.org/en/about.

The International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda (ICTR) dapat diakses di http://unictr.unmict.org/en/tribunal.

The International Criminal Court (ICC) dapat diakses di https://www.icc-cpi.int/about.

United Nations, Charter of the United Nations, dapat diakses di https://treaties.un

.org/doc/publication/ctc/uncharter.pdf.

United Nations Security Council, “Resolution On Establishing an International Tribunal for the Prosecution of Persons Responsible for Serious Violations of International Humanitarian Law Committed in the Territory of the Former Yugoslavia” United Nations Security Council Resolution 827, 25 May 1993.

-----------------, “Resolution on Establishment of an International Tribunal and adoption of the Statute of the Tribunal” United Nations Security Council Resolution 955, 8 November 1994.

William Thomas Worster, “The Exercise Of Jurisdiction By The International Criminal Court Over Palestine”, American University International Law Review, Vol. 26, No. 5, 2012.

William W. Burke-White, “Proactive Complementarity: The International Criminal Court and National Courts in the Rome System of International Justice”, Harvard International Law Journal, Volume 49, Number 1, Winter 2008.

International Conventions and Regulations

Rome Statute of The International Criminal Court, dapat diakses di http://legal.un

.org/icc/statute/99_corr/cstatute.htm.

Undang-Undang Nomor 26 Tahun 2000 tentang Pengadilan Hak Asasi Manusia.




DOI: https://doi.org/10.24002/jep.v36i1.2966

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.