PERANAN MEDIATOR HAKIM DAN MEDIATOR NON HAKIM MELINDUNGI HAK-HAK ANAK DALAM PENYELESAIAN SENGKETA PERCERAIAN

Rika Saraswati, V Hadiyono, Yuni Kusniati, Emanuel Boputra

Abstract


Based on Supreme Court Regulation Number 1 of 2016 on the Mediation Procedurel in Court, mediation is a step that must undertaken before the court hearing process. Therefore, it is important to know the implementation of mediation in Semarang Religious Court and Semarang District Court, especially its role to resolve marriage disputes and child custody cases. The question of the study is how is the role of mediators (both judge and non-judge) in the mediation process of divorce and child custody disputes, and how the role of mediators in implementating of children's rights on the mediation process is. Data was obtained through a documentary research and distributed questionnaires to 3 (three) District Court Judges and 2 (two) Semarang Religious Court Judges, and 3 (three) mediators at Walisongo Mediation Centre (WMC). The findings demonstrated that the role of judge and non-judge mediators in the mediation process of divorce and child custody cases was only as a facilitator. The non-judge mediators held more strict principle of not giving advice in order to maintenance of their neutrality than that of the judge mediators. The mediator has implemented their role by conveying and explaining children's rights, encouraging the parties to put forward the best interests of the child, facilitating women disputant to be able to fight for themselves and their children’s interests and needs, and reminding the obligation of both parties to fulfil the needs and the cost of their children’s lives if divorce was undertaken as a final solution.


Keywords


Child custody; Divorce dispute; Mediator.

Full Text:

PDF

References


Buku

Folberg, Jay dan Allison Taylor, 1984, Mediation: A Comprehensive Guide to Resolving Conflict without Litigation, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge.

Hidayat, Maskur, 2016, Strategi & Taktik Mediasi Berdasarkan Perma No. 1 Tahun 2016 tentang Prosedur Mediasi di Pengadilan, Kencana, Jakarta.

Manan, Abdul, 2008, Penerapan Hukum Acara Perdata di Lingkungan Peradilan Agama, Kencana, Jakarta.

Mansyur, Ridwan, 2010, Mediasi Penal terhadap Perkara KDRT (Kekerasan Dalam Rumah Tangga), Yayasan Gema Yustisia Indonesia, Jakarta.

Moore, Christopher W, 1996, The Mediation Process: Practical Strategies For Resolving Conflict, Jossey-Bass Publisher, San Francisco.

Rahmadi, Takdir, 2011, Mediasi Penyelesaian Sengketa Melalui Pendekatan Mufakat, Raja Grafindo Persada, Jakarta.

Petrus Soerjowinoto, Hermawan Pancasiwi, Benny D Setianto, Donny

Danardono, Endang Wahyati, 2018, Metode Penulisan Karya Hukum, Fakultas Hukum Universitas Katolik Soegijapranata, Semarang.

Spencer, David and Michael Brogan, 2006, Mediation Law and Practice, Cambrigde University Press, Cambridge.

Sukadana, I Made, 2012, Mediasi Peradilan: Mediasi dalam Sistem Peradilan Perdata Indonesia dalam Rangka Mewujudkan Proses Peradilan yang Sederhana, Cepat, dan Biaya Ringan, Prestasi Pustaka, Jakarta.

Syukur, Fatahillah A, 2011, Mediasi Perkara KDRT (Kekerasan dalam Rumah Tangga) Teori dan Praktek di Pengadilan Indonesia, Mandar Maju, Bandung.

Jurnal

Bourassa, Kyle J., David A. Sbarra, and Mark A. Whisman, “Women in Very Low Quality Marriages Gain Life Satisfaction Following Divorce”, Journal of Family Psychology. Volume 29, Nomor 3, Juni 2015.

Cleak, Helen, Margot J. Schofield, Lauren Axelsen, and Andrew Bickerdike, “Screening for Partner Violence Among Family Mediation Clients: Differentiating Types of Abuse”, Journal of Interpersonal Violence, Volume 33, Nomor 7, April 2018.

Damis, Harijah, Hakim Mediasi Versi Sema Nomor 1 Tahun 2002 tentang Pemberdayaan Pengadilan Tingkat Pertama Menerapkan Lembaga Damai, Mimbar Hukum, Nomor 63, Tahun XV, Maret-April 2004.

Fadili, Al, Upaya Perdamaian Proses Perceraian Melalui Mediasi Oleh Pengadilan Agama Sebagai Family Counseling, An-nisa, Volume 12, Nomor 1, April 2019.

Grillo, Trina, “The Mediation Alternative: Process Dangers for Women”, Yale Law Journal, Volume 100, Nomor 6, 1991.

Kearney, Siún, “The Voice of the Child in Mediation”, Journal of Mediation and Applied Conflict Analysis, Volume 1, Nomor 2, 2014.

Maulana, Robi, Sutisna, Syarifah Gustiawati, “Optimalisasi Peran Mediator Dalam Memediasi Kasus Perceraian Di Pengadilan Agama Cibinong Bogor”, Aksara Public, Volume 4, Nomor 1, Februari 2020.

Mustika, Dian, “Efektivitas Mediasi Dalam Penyelesaian Perkara Perceraian Di Pengadilan Agama Jambi”, Al-Risalah-Forum Kajian Hukum dan Sosial Kemasyarakatan, Volume 15, Nomor 2, Desember 2015.

Nussbaum, Lydia, “Mediation as Regulation: Expanding State Go Intervernance over Private Disputes”, Utah Law Review, Volume 2, Nomor 4, 2016.

Pranadita, Nugraha, “Perubahan Fungsi Mediasi Dalam Praktek Di Pengadilan Negeri Dan Pengadilan Agama Kaitannya Dengan Peraturan Mahkamah Agung Republik Indonesia Nomor 1 Tahun 2016 Tentang Prosedur Mediasi Di Pengadilan”, Res Nullius Law Journal, Volume 1, Nomor 2, Desember 2019.

Rahmawati, Erik Sabti, “Implikasi Mediasi Bagi Para Pihak yang Berperkaradi Pengadilan Agama Malang”, De Jure: Jurnal Hukum dan Syari’ah, Volume 8, Nomor 1, Juni 2016.

Saifullah, Muhammad, “Efektivitas Mediasi Dalam Penyelesaian Perkara Perceraian Di Pengadilan Agama Jawa Tengah”, Jurnal AL-AHKAM, Vol. 25, No. 2, Oktober 2015.

Saravistha, Dely Bunga, Peran Ganda Hakim Sebagai Mediator Bagi Penyelesaian Perkara Perdata Di Pengadilan Terkait Kode Etik Profesi, Raad Kertha, Vol. 03, No. 01, 1 Februari-1 Juli 2020.

Sunarsi, Dessy., Yuherman, Sumiyati, Efektifitas Peran Mediator Non Hakim Dalam Penyelesaian Perkara Perceraian Di Pengadilan Agama Kelas 1A Pulau Jawa, Jurnal Hukum Media Bhakti, Vol. 2, No. 2, Desember 2018.

Peraturan Perundang-undangan

Peraturan Mahkamah Agung Nomor 1 Tahun 2016 tentang Prosedur Mediasi di Pengadilan.




DOI: https://doi.org/10.24002/jep.v36i2.3164

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.