Risk Mitigation Strategies in Implementing Scrum Framework for Internet-Based IT Companies in Indonesia

Flourensia Sapty Rahayu, Toni Indrawan, Shafinah Kamarudin

Abstract


To date many Information Technology Companies in Indonesia implement Scrum Framework which is one of the frameworks that uses Agile principles.  The implementation of the Scrum Framework does not guarantee that these companies will be free from risk, since many risks will also appear during the implementation of the framework itself.  Therefore, risk management strategies are needed to mitigate these risks.  This research is a qualitative research to manage risk due to the implementation of Scrum Framework in software development of IT companies, especially in Indonesia.  Interviews have been conducted to the Scrum stakeholders in three IT Companies to gather some initial data to be analyzed further using Qualitative Content Analysis Method and Risk Breakdown Structure.  Our finding show that there is 17 Risk Registers and their Mitigation Strategies for the implementation of Scrum Framework in Indonesian IT Companies. Furthermore, it can be used as guidelines for decision making about whether to implement this framework in their core businesses.


Keywords


Scrum Framework, risk management, risk identification, Agile Principles, IT Companies

Full Text:

PDF

References


Prasanta Kumar Dey, Jason Kinch, and Stephen O. Ogunlana, "Managing Risk in Software Development Projects: A Case Study," International Journal of Risk Assesment and Management, vol. 107, no. 2, pp. 284 - 303, 2007.

Dale F. Cooper, Stephen Grey, and Geoffrey Raymond, Project Risk Management Guidelines: Managing Risk in Large Project and Complex Procurement. Chichester: John Wiley & Sons Ltd, 2005.

Deloitte. (2015, May) Deloitte Website. [Online]. http://www2.deloitte.com/global/en/pages/about-deloitte/articles/financial-services-risk-management-survey-press-release.html#

M. Mahalakshmi and DR. M. Sundararajan, "Traditional SDLC Vs Scrum Methodology – A Comparative Study," International Journal of Emerging Technology and Advanced Engineering, vol. 3, no. 6, pp. 192 - 196, 2013.

Ken Schwaber and Jeff Sutherland. (2013, July) SCRUM GUIDES. [Online]. http://www.scrumguides.org/scrum-guide.html

Soumyadipta Paul and K. John Singh, "Be Agile: Project Development With Scrum Framework," Journal of Theoretical and Applied Information Technology, vol. 40, no. 1, pp. 105-112, 2012.

Versionone, "State of Agile Survey," Atlanta, 2011.

E., Babar, M. A., Paik, H. Y., & Verner, J. Hossain, "Risk identification and mitigation processes for using scrum in global software development: A conceptual framework. ," 2009.

I., Jabangwe, R., Šmite, D., & Damian, D. Nurdiani,". Risk identification and risk mitigation instruments for global software development: Systematic review and survey results," 2011.

S. Y., & Idri, A. Chadli, "Identifying and mitigating risks of software project management in global software development," 2017.

Aulia Febriayanti and Bekti Cahyo Hidayanto, "Manajemen Resiko Pada Pengelolaan Data di Bagian Pengelolaan Data PT. Petrokimi Gresik," Jurnal Teknik POMITS, vol. 1, no. 1, pp. 1 - 6, 2012.

Betteke van Ruler, "Agile Public Relation Planning: Reflective Communication Scrum," Public Relations Review, vol. 41, no. 2, pp. 187 - 194, 2015.

S.V. Shrivastava and U. Rathod, "Categorization of Risk Factors for Distributed Agile Projects," Information and Software Technology, vol. 58, no. 1, pp. 373 - 387, 2015.

Project Management Institute, A Guide to The Project Management Body Of Knowlege, 4th ed. Pennsylvania: Project Management Institute, 2008.

C. Ravindranath Pandian, Applied Software Risk Management: A Guide for Software Project Managers.: Auerbach Publications, 2006.

R.F. Miorando, J.L.D Ribeiro, and M.N Cortimiglia, "An economic–probabilistic model for risk analysis in technological innovation projects," Technovation, vol. 8, no. 34, pp. 485 - 498, 2014.

Y. Zhang, "Selecting risk response strategies considering project risk interdependence," International Journal of Project Management, vol. 5, no. 34, pp. 819 - 830, 2016.

C. Fang, F. Marie, M. Xie, and E. Zio, "An Integrated Framework for Risk Response Planning Under Resource Constraints in Large Engineering Projects," IEEE Transactions on Engineering Management, vol. 3, no. 60, pp. 627 - 639, 2013.

C Fang and F. Marie, "A Framework for the Modeling and Management of Project Risks and Risk Interactions," Handbook on Project Management and Scheduling, no. 2, pp. 1105 - 1117, 2014.

J. Li et al., "A State-of-the-Practice Survey of Risk Management in Development with Off-the-Shelf Software Components," IEEE Transactions on Software Engineering, vol. 2, no. 34, pp. 271 - 286, 2008.

E.T. Alharbi and M.R.J. Qureshi, "Implementation of Risk Management with SCRUM to Achieve CMMI Requirements," International Journal Computer Network and Information Security, no. 11, pp. 20 - 25, 2014.

S.M. Neves and C.D.S. da Silva, "Risk management applied to software development projects in incubated technology-based companies: literature review, classification, and analysis," Gestao & Producao, vol. 4, no. 23, 2016.

B.G. Tavares, C.E.S da Silva, and A.D. Souza, "Risk Management in Scrum Projects: A Bibliometric Study," Journal of Communications Software and Systems, vol. 1, no. 13, 2017.

S.V Shrivastava and U. Rathod, "A risk management framework for distributed agile projects," Information and Software Technology, no. 85, pp. 1 - 15, 2015.

Robert K. Yin, Qualitative Research from Start to Finish, 1st ed. New York: A Division of Guilford Publication, Inc., 2011.

Uwe Flick, An Introduction to Qualitative Research, 4th ed. Reinbek bei Hamburg: SAGE, 2009.

P. Burnard, P. Gill, K. Stewart, E. Treasure, and B. Chadwick, "Analysing and Presenting Qualitative Data," British Dental Journal, vol. 204, no. 8, 2008.

Kathy Schwalbe, Information Technology Project Management. Boston: Course Technology, 2011.

Iwan Iskandar, "Manajemen Risiko Teknologi Informasi Perusahaan Menggunakan Framework RiskIT (Studi Kasus: Pembobolan PT. Bank Permata, Tbk," Jurnal Sains, Teknologi dan Industri, vol. 9, no. 1, 2011.

Martin Tomanek and Jan Juricek, "Project Risk Management Model Based on Prince2 and Scrum Framework," International Journal of Software Engineering & Applications (IJSEA), vol. 6, no. 1, pp. 81 - 88, 2015.

Robert Cecil Martin, Agile Software Development, 1st ed. Upper Saddle River: Alan R Apt, 2012.

Joshua Partogi, Manajemen Modern dengan Scrum, 1st ed. Yogyakarta: ANDI, 2015.

Youssef Bassil, "A Simulation Model for the Waterfall Software Development Life Cycle," International Journal of Engineering & Technology (IJET), vol. 2, no. 5, 2012.

R. Vijay Anand and M. Dinakaran, "Issues in Scrum Agile Development Principles and Practices in Software Development," Indian Journal of Science and Technology, vol. 8, no. 35, pp. 1-5, 2015.

Yngve Lindsjorn, Dag I.K Sjoberg, Torgeir Dingsoyr, Gunnar R. Bergersen, and Tore Dyba, "Teamwork Quality and Project Success in Software Development: A Survey of Agile Development Teams," The Journal of Systems & Software, 2016.

Peggy Gregory, Leonor Barroca, Helen Sharp, Advait Deshpande, and Katie Taylor, "The Challenges That Challenge:Engaging With Agile Practitioner' Concerns," Information and Software Technology, 2016.

the Agile Manifesto. (2001) Manifesto for Agile Software Development. [Online]. http://agilemanifesto.org/iso/id/manifesto.html

Afshin Jalali Sohi, Marcel Hertogh, Marian Bosch Rekveldt, and Rianne Blom, "Does Lean & Agile Project Management Help Coping With Project Complexity," , Panama, 2015.




DOI: https://doi.org/10.24002/ijis.v3i1.3589

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2020 Indonesian Journal of Information Systems

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.