Pengaruh Bioaktivator Selulolitik untuk Mempercepat Pengomposan Tandan Kosong Kelapa Sawit (Elaeis guineensis Jacq.)

Diah Nurul Aini, Hanifa Hanifa, Dessy Sari Mulfa, Tetty Marta Linda

Abstract


Oil palm plantations are very extensive in Indonesia which have produced oil palm solid waste in the form of oil palm empty fruit bunches (OPEFB, shells and fibers. Generally, OPEFB is processed into compost but has a constraint that requires a long time of three months. The solution is to provided bioactivators.  This study aims to determine variations in the amount of cellulolytic bioactivators in composting OPEFB that is 0 ml (P1), 50 ml (P2), 75 ml (P3) and 100 ml (P4). Composting is carried out at an incubation laboratory scale for 45 days. The best research results were obtained in P4 treatment with compost quality: N-total of 2.13; C-organic: 35,45 and C/N ratio 16,68 which are in accordance with SNI standards. This cellulotic bioactivator can be developed for the production of TKKS compost on a larger scale.


Keywords


Bioactivator, C/N, consortium, composting, cellulolytic, oil palm empty bunches

Full Text:

PDF

References


Adam, S., Ahmad, S. S. N. S., Hamzah, N. M., & Darus, N. A. 2016. Composting of Empty Fruit Bunch Treated with Palm Oil Mill Effluent and Decanter Cake. Regional Conference on Science, Technology and Social Sciences (RCSTSS 2016), (DOI 10.1007/978-981-10-0534-3_43 437). 437–445.

Daryono, & Alkas, T. R. 2017. Pemanfaatan Limbah Pelepah Dan Daun Kelapa Sawit (Elaeis Guineensis Jacq) Sebagai Pupuk Kompos. Jurnal Hutan Tropis. 5(3): 188–195.

Desrihastuti, Muhamad, I. I., Rahman, R. A., Sahyoga, G., & Gafur, A. 2019. The effect of particle size of empty fruit bunch and ratio of biosludge of pulp and paper on biochemical changes in composting process. Jurnal Teknologi. 81(2): 81–90.

Ditjenbun. (2016). Statistik Perkebunan Indonesia 2015-2017. In Sekretariat Direktorat Jenderal Perkebunan, Direktorat Jenderal Perkebunan, Kementerian Pertanian. Jakarta: Sekretariat Jenderal Perkebunan.

Ghazali, N. F., & Makhtar, N. A. 2018. Enzymatic hydrolysis of oil palm empty fruit bunch and its kinetics. Malaysian Journal of Analytical Sciences. 22(4): 715–722.

Harahap, R. T., Sabrina, T., & Marbun, P. 2015. Penggunaan Beberapa Sumber dan Dosis Aktivator Organik Untuk Meningkatkan Laju dekomposisi Kompos Tandan Kosong Kelapa Sawit. Jurnal Online Agroekoteknologi. ISSN No. 2337-6597, 3(2337): 581–589.

Haryanti, A., Norsamsi, Sholiha, P. S. F., & Putri, N. P. 2014. Studi Pemanfaatan Limbah Padat Kelapa Sawit. Konversi. 3(2): 20–29.

Jumirah, Jati, A. W. N., & Yulianti, L. I. M. 2018. Kualitas Pupuk Cair Organik dengan Kombinasi Limbah Ampas Jamu dan Limbah Ikan. Biota. 3(2): 53–61.

Kavitha, B., Jothimani, P., & Rajannan, G. 2013. Empty Fruit Bunch- a Potential Organic Manure for Agriculture. International Journal of Science, Environment and Technology. 2(5): 930–937.

Kheong, L. V., Rahman, Z. A., Musa, M. H., & Hussein, A. 2010. Empty fruit bunch application and oil palm root proliferation. Journal of Oil Palm Research. 22: 750–757.

Linda, T. M., Mutalib, S. A., & Surif, S. 2016. Degradation of Cellulose and Hemicellulose in Rice Straw by Consortium Bacteria Cellulolytic. Applied Science and Technology. 1(1), 531–536.

Murdani, F. C. 2017. Pengolahan Tandan Kosong Kelapa Sawit (TKKS) Sebagai Alternatif Material Tekstil. E-Proceeding of Art & Design. 4(3): 1187–1206.

Mustika, A. M., Suryani, P., & Aulawi, T. 2019. Analisis Mutu Kimia Dan Organoleptik Pupuk Organik Tandan Kosong Kelapa Sawit Dengan Dosis Em-4 Berbeda. Jurnal Agroteknologi. 9(2): 13–20.

Okalia, D., Nopsagiarti, T., & Ezward, C. 2018. Pengaruh Ukuran Cacahan Tandan Kosong Kelapa Sawit Terhadap Karakteristik Fisik Kompos Tritankos (Triko Tandan Kosong). Jurnal Agroqua. 16(2): 132–142.

Rahman, M. A. A., Nour El-Din, M., Refaat, B. M., Abdel-Shakour, E. H., Ewais, E. E. D., & Alrefaey, H. M. A. 2016. Biotechnological Application of Thermotolerant Cellulose-Decomposing Bacteria in Composting of Rice Straw. Annals of Agricultural Sciences. 135–143.

Ramli, & Marlinda. 2017. Pengaruh Massa Palm Sugar Pada Pembuatan Kompos Dari Tandan Kosong Kelapa Sawit Dengan Metode Fermentasi Anaerobik Menggunakan Em-4. Konversi. 6(2): 9–13.

Razali, W. A. W., Baharuddin, A. S., TarmezeeTalib, A., Sulaiman, A., Naim, M. N., Hassan, M. A., & Shirai, Y. 2012. Degradation of oil palm empty fruit bunches (OPEFB) fibre during composting process using in-vessel composter. BioResources. 7(4): 4786–4805.

Sapareng, S., Ala, A., Kuswinanti, T., & Rasyid, B. 2018. The Ability of Trichoderma sp and Pleurotus sp for the Decomposition of Oil Palm Empty Bunches. Pakistan Journal of Biotechnology. 15(2): 543–548.

Selim, S. M., Zayed, M. S., & Atta, H. M. 2012. Evaluation of Phytotoxicity of Compost During Composting Process. Nature and Science of Sleep. 10(2): 469–475.

Trisakti, B., Mhardela, P., Husaini, T., Irvan, & Daimon, H. 2018. Effect of pieces size of Empty Fruit Bunches (EFB) on composting of EFB mixed with activated liquid organic fertilizer. Talenta-Cest, IOP Conference Series: Materials Science and EngineeringIOP Conference Series: Materials Science and Engineering. 309(1): 1–8.

Widiastuti, H., Prakoso, H. T., Suharyanto, & Siswanto. 2015. Optimasi pengomposan tandan kosong kelapa sawit menggunakan dekomposer bakteri lignoselulolitik skala komersial. Menara Perkebunan. 83(2): 60–69.




DOI: https://doi.org/10.24002/biota.v6i1.3023

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.