An Application of The PROMETHEE Method To Select The Best Response for Carbon Fibre Reinforced Plastic Drilling in Machining Operations


  • Sunday Ayoola Oke University of Lagos, Lagos, Nigeria
  • Salome Ifeoluwa Odusoro University of Lagos, Lagos, Nigeria



Selection process, composites, responses, drilling operation, PROMETHEE


The manufacture of carbon fibre reinforced plastic (CFRP) composites from carbon fibres fused with epoxy matrix, deploying the hand layup method has raised considerable attention. Within this research domain, drilling with various tools such as coated and uncoated drills is of great significance. Unfortunately, the use of intuition and experience to select the best parameter in the drilling operation has been known to be less efficient, causing the inadequate distribution of drilling resources to actualize the effectiveness of drilling parameters. Energy wastages are also associated with the present practice of intuition in drilling process. In this study, a novel approach of PROMETHEE I and II are presented to avoid ineffectiveness in drilling resource distribution and select the best drilling operations parameters. The proposed method utilizes experimental data from the literature to verify the method's performance. This study helps in reducing waste due to the inadequate distribution of drilling operations sources. PROMETHEE analyses the drilling parameters of the CFRP composites using preference functions that map the differences among alternatives during machining judgments. Out of the six responses examined, the best response is exit delamination with a weight of 0.059, surface roughness with a weight of 0.031emerged as the second position, torque weighing 0.003 took the 3rd position while the last position is entry delamination, weighing -0.102.


Anand, G., Alagumurthi, N., Palanikumar, K., Venkateshwaran, N., & Elansezhain, R. (2018). Influence of drilling process parameters on hybrid vinyl ester composite. Materials and Manufacturing Processes, 33(12), 1299-1305.

Bhat, R., Mohan, N., Sharma, S., Shandilya, M., & Jayachandran, K. (2019). An integrated approach of CCD-TOPSIS-RSM for optimizing the marine grade GFRP drilling process parameters. Materials Today: Proceedings, 19(2), 307-311.

Bhatnagar, N., Ramakrishnan, N., Naik, N.K., & Komandiri, R. (1995). On the machining of fibre reinforced plastic (FRP). Composites laminates. International Journal of Machines Tools and Manufacture, 35(5), 701-716.

Bosco, M.A.J., Palanikumar, K., Prasad, B.D., & Velayudham, A. (2015). Analysis on influence of machining parameters on thrust force in drilling GFRP-armor steel sandwich composites. Journal of Composites Material, 49(13), 1539–1551.

Cepero, F., Curiel-Sosa, J. L., Kerrigan, K., & Phadnis, V. (2019). Chip formation in machining of unidirectional carbon fibre reinforced polymer laminates: FEM based assessment. Procedia CIRP, 85, 302-307.

Dong, P.A.V., Azzaro-Pantel, C., Boix, M., Jacquemin, L., & Cadene, A. (2017). A bicriteria optimisation approach for waste management of carbon fibre reinforced polymer used in aerospace applications: Application to the case study of France. Waste and Biomass Valorization, 8(6), 2197-2208.

Gara, S., & Tsoumarev, O. (2018). Optimisation of cutting conditions in slotting of multidirectional CFRP laminate. The International Journal of Advanced Manufacturing Technology, 95, 3227-3242.

Gebhardt, J., Schwennen, J., Lorenz, F., & Fleischer, J. (2018). Structure optimization of metallic load instruction elements embedded in CFRP. Assembly; Production Engineering, 12, 131-140.

Geier, N., Pereszlai, C., Poór, D.I., & Balázs, B. Z. (2021). Drilling of curved carbon fibre reinforced polymer (CFRP) composite plates. Procedia CIRP, 99, 404-408.

Goswami, S.S. (2020). Outranking methods: PROMETHEE I and PROMETHEE II. Foundations of Management, 12(1), 93-110.

Goutham, K. B., Mathew, N. T., & Vijayaraghavan, L. (2021). Delamination and tool wear in drilling of carbon fabric reinforced epoxy composite laminate. Materials Today: Proceedings, 50(5), 823-829.

Jadoun, R. S., Kumar, P., Mishra, B.K. & Mehta, R.C.S. (2006). Optimization of process parameters for ultrasonic drilling of advanced engineering ceramics using the Taguchi approach. Engineering Optimization, 38(7), 771-787.

Jayaprakash, V., Sivasaravanan, S., Raja, V.K.B., Anish, M., Raman, N., & Laxman, N. (2020). Optimization of drilling parameters of epoxy/rice husk composite material. Materials Today: Proceedings, 21(1), 104-107.

Juliyana, S.J., & Prakash, J.U. (2020). Drilling parameter optimization of metal matrix composites (LM5/ZrO2) using Taguchi technique. Materials Today: Proceedings, 33(7), 3046-3050.

Kannan, V. S., Lenin, K., Srinivasan, D.,& Rajkumar, D. (in press). Investigation on laser square hole drilling of AA7475/SiC/ZrSiO4 composites. Silicon.

Karande, P., & Chakraborty, S. (2012). Application of PROMETHEE-GAIA method for non–traditional machining processes selection. Management Science Letters, 2, 2049-2060.

Kaviarasan, V., Venkatesan, R., & Natarajan, E. (2019). Prediction of surface quality and optimization of process parameters in drilling of Delrin using neural network, Progress in Rubber. Plastics and Recycling Technology, 35(3), 149–169.

Kıvak, T., Samtaş, G., & Çiçek, A. (2012). Taguchi method based optimisation of drilling parameters in drilling of AISI 316 steel with PVD monolayer and multilayer coated HSS drills. Measurement, 45(6), 1547-1557.

Krishnamoorthy, A. (2011). Some studies on modelling and optimisation in drilling carbon fiber reinforced plastic composites, Ph.D. Thesis, Faculty of Mechanical Engineering, Anna University, Chennai, India.

Kulkarni, S., & Ramachandran, M. (2018). Multicriteria selection of optimal CFRP composites drilling process parameters. REST Journal on Emerging Trends in Modelling and Manufacturing, 4(4), 102-106.

Lv, D., Chen, M., Yao, Y., Yan, C., Chen, G., & Zhu, Y. (2021). High-frequency vibration effects on the hole integrity in rotary ultrasonic drilling of carbon fiber-reinforced plastic composites. Ultrasonics, 115, Article106448.

Manickam, C., & Nadarajan, P. (2019). Optimization of drilling parameters in AISI SS317L stainless steel material using Taguchi methodology. Materials Today: Proceedings, 21(9), 1-6.

Neseli, S. (2014). Optimization of process parameters with minimum thrust force and torque in drilling operation using Taguchi method. Advances in Mechanical Engineering, 6, Article925382.

Odusoro, S. I. & Oke, S. A. (2021). Factor selection in drilling unidirectional carbon fibre reinforced plastic composite plates with the HSS drill bit using analytic hierarchy process. International Journal of Industrial Engineering and Engineering Management, 3(1), 1-15.

Ozkan, D, Gook, M. S., Oge, M., & Karaoghanli, A. C. (2019). Milling behaviour analysis of carbon fibre reinforced polymer (CFRP) composites. Materials Today: Proceeding, 11(1), 526-533.

Padhee, S., Pani, S., & Mahapatra, S.S. (2012). A parametric study on laser drilling of Al/SiCp metal-matrix composite. Proceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers, Part B: Journal of Engineering Manufacture, 226(1), 76–91.

Palanikumar, K., Srinivasan, T., Rajagopal, K., & Latha, B. (2016). Thrust force analysis in drilling glass fibre reinforced/polypropylene (GFR/PP) composites. Materials and Manufacturing Processes, 31(5), 581-586.

Pejryd, L., Beno, T., & Carmignatro, S. (2014). Computed tomography as a tool for examining surface integrity in drilled holes in CFRP composites. Procedia CIRP, 13, 43-48.

Pereszlai, C., Geier, N., Poór, D. I., Balázs, B. Z., & Póka, G. (2021). Drilling fibre reinforced polymer composites (CFRP and GFRP): An analysis of the cutting force of the tilted helical milling process. Composite Structures, 262, Article113646.

Person, E., Eriksson, I, & Zackrisson, L. (1997). Effect of hole machining defects on strength and fatigue life of composites laminates. Composites Part A: Applied Science and Manufacturing, 28(2), 141-151.

Aryafar, A., Rahimdel, M.J., & Tavakkoli, E. (2020). Selection of the most proper drilling and blasting pattern by using MADM methods (A case study: Sangan iron ore mine, Iran). Rudasko-Geolosko-Naftni Zbornik, 35(3), 97-108.

Samsudeensadham, S., & Krishnaraj, V. (in press). Drilling study on CFRP/Ti-6Al-4V stacks using chip breaker grooved drill. Materials and Manufacturing Processes.

Sekine, H., & Shin, E.S. (1999). Optimum design of thick-walled multi-layered CFRP pipes to reduce process-induced residual stresses. Applied Composite Materials, 6, 289-307.

Shunmugesh, K., & Pratheesh, A. (2020). Taguchi grey relational analysis based optimization of micro-drilling parameters on carbon fiber reinforced plastics. Materials Today: Proceedings, 24(15), 1994-2003.

Shyha, I. S., Aspinwall, D. K., Soo, S. L., & Bradley, S. (2009). Drill geometry and operating effects when cutting small diameter holes in CFRP. International Journal of Machine Tools and Manufacture, 49(12–13), 1008-1014.

Singh, S., Singh, I., & Dvivedi, A. (2013). Multi objective optimization in drilling of Al6063/10% SiC metal matrix composite based on grey relational analysis. Proceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers, Part B: Journal of Engineering Manufacture, 227(12), 1767–1776.

Srinivasan, T., Palanikumar, K., Rajagopal, K. & Latha B. (2017). Optimization of delamination factor in drilling GFR–polypropylene composites. Materials and Manufacturing Processes, 32(2), 226-233.

Sun, G., Yu, H., Wang, Z., Xiao, Z., & Li, Q. (2019). Energy absorption mechanics and design optimization of CFRP/aluminum hybrid structures for transverse loading. International Journal of Mechanical Sciences, 150, 767-783.

Tamura, S., & Matsumura, T. (2021). Delamination-free drilling of carbon fiber reinforced plastic with variable feed rate. Precision Engineering, 70, 70-76.

Thiagarajan, R., Palanikumar, K., & Kathirvel, M. (2012). Optimization of machining parameters in drilling hybrid aluminium metal matrix composites. Transactions of Nonferrous Metals Society of China, 22(6), 1286-1297.

Tran, Q.P, Diem-My, T., & Huang, S.-C. (2020, October 23-25). Optimization of CFRP drilling process with multi-criteria using TGRA, 2020 IEEE Eurasia Conference on IoT, Communication and Engineering, Yunlin, Taiwan.

Tran, Q.P., Nguyen, V.N., & Huang, S.C. (2020). Drilling process on CFRP: Multicriteria decision making with entropy weight using grey-TOPSIS method. Applied Science, 10(20), Article7207.

Vinayagamoorthy, R. (2017). Parametric optimization studies on drilling of sandwich composites using the Box–Behnken design. Materials and Manufacturing Processes, 32(6), 645-653.

Wiriyapirom, M. (2017). Multicriteria decision making for selecting a 5-axis machine tool, M.Eng. Thesis, Department of Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering, Asian Institute of Technology, School of Engineering and Technology, Thailand.

Wu, C., Cao, S., Zhao, Y. J., Qi, H., Liu, X., Lin, G., Guo, J., & Li, H.N. (2021). Preheating assisted wire EDM of semi-conductive CFRPs: Principle and anisotropy. Journal of Materials Processing Technology, 288, Article116915.