Analysis of Work Posture and Manual Handling on the Material Transport Activities of Indonesian Traditional Market Worker
Keywords:Nordic Body Map (NBM) , Rapid Entire Body Assessment (REBA), Manual Handling Assessment Chart (MAC Tool), musculoskeletal disorders, manual handling
This research is about the observation of workers transporting sacks in a traditional market. The worker complained about pain in many body parts like the shoulders, waist, and arms, which are presented in the results of the Nordic Body Map questionnaire. This problem can be solved by massaging the body section to reduce musculoskeletal disorders. Because it is often get massaged, it makes the completion time of sack transport become longer. Work posture must be improved because too much pain piles up over long periods and can impact condition health and decrease productivity. The purpose of this research is to evaluate the working posture while doing manual handling. Evaluate work posture using Rapid Entire Body Assessment (REBA) and Manual Handling Assessment Chart (MAC Tool). As a result, work posture and manual handling have a higher level of risk of injury, so we need to investigate and implement change. The level of risk must be reduced to at least medium risk. Using auxiliaries can improve work posture, reduce health risks, reduce load sacks, and increase work productivity. The recommended outcome is adding a skid box to improve the value of REBA and manual material handling by providing a hand trolley cart.
Abdollahi, T., Razi, S. P., Pahlevan, D., Yekaninejad, M. S., Amaniyan, S., Sieloff, C. L., & Vaismoradi, M. (2020). Effect of an ergonomics educational program on musculoskeletal disorders in nursing staff working in the operating room: A quasi-randomized controlled clinical trial. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 17(19), 1–12.
Adiyanto, O., Mohamad, E., Jaafar, R., Ma’ruf, F., Faishal, M., & Anggraeni, A. (2022). Application of Nordic Body Map and Rapid Upper Limb Assessment for Assessing Work-related Musculoskeletal Disorders: A case study in Small and Medium Enterprises. International Journal of Integrated Engineering, 14(4), 10–19.
Afonso, M., Gabriel, A. T., & Godina, R. (2022). Proposal of an innovative ergonomic SMED model in an automotive steel springs industrial unit. Advances in Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering, 4, Article 100075.
Andriani, P., Tejamaya, M., Widanarko, B., & Putri, A. A. (2021). Ergonomic assessment in metal-based small industries in Bogor Regency, Indonesia, 2019. Gaceta Sanitaria, 35, S360–S363.
Ariyanti, S., Widodo, L., Zulkarnain, M., & Timotius, K. (2019). Design work station of pipe welding with ergonomic approach. SINERGI, 23(2), 107-114.
Asuquo, E. G., Tighe, S. M., & Bradshaw, C. (2021). Interventions to reduce work-related musculoskeletal disorders among healthcare staff in nursing homes; An integrative literature review. International Journal of Nursing Studies Advances, 3, Article 100033.
Clari, M., Garzaro, G., di Maso, M., Donato, F., Godono, A., Paleologo, M., Dimonte, V., & Pira, E. (2019). Upper limb work-related musculoskeletal disorders in operating room nurses: A multicenter cross-sectional study. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 16(16), Article 2844.
Ghasemi, F., Rahmani, R., Behmaneshpour, F., & Fazli, B. (2021). Quality of work life among surgeons and its association with musculoskeletal complaints. Cogent Psychology, 8(1), Article 1880256.
Haekal, J., Hanum, B., & Prasetio, D. E. (2020). Analysis of Operator Body Posture Packaging Using Rapid Entire Body Assessment (REBA) Method: a case Study of Pharmaceutical Company in Bogor, Indonesia. International Journal of Engineering Research and Advanced Technology, 06(07), 27–36.
Hita-Gutiérrez, M., Gómez-Galán, M., Díaz-Pérez, M., & Callejón-Ferre, Á. J. (2020). An overview of reba method applications in the world. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 17(8), Article 2635.
Jari, A., Niazmand-Aghdam, N., Mazhin, S. A., Poursadeghiyan, M., & Sahlabadi, A. S. (2022). Effectiveness of training program in manual material handling: A health promotion approach. Journal of Education and Health Promotion, 11(1), Article 81.
Laithaisong, T., Aekplakorn, W., Suriyawongpaisal, P., Tupthai, C., & Wongrathanandha, C. (2021). The prevalence and risk factors of musculoskeletal disorders among subcontracted hospital cleaners in Thailand. Journal of Health Research, 36(5), 802-812.
Lind, C. M., de Clercq, B., Forsman, M., Grootaers, A., Verbrugghe, M., van Dyck, L., & Yang, L. (2022). Effectiveness and usability of real-time vibrotactile feedback training to reduce postural exposure in real manual sorting work. Ergonomics, 1–19.
Lind, C. M., Forsman, M., & Rose, L. M. (2020). Development and evaluation of RAMP II - a practitioner’s tool for assessing musculoskeletal disorder risk factors in industrial manual handling. Ergonomics, 63(4), 477–504.
Liu, M. Y., Li, H. J., Yang, C., Zang, W., Liu, Z.D., Zhang, L., Li, P. H., Zhu, Y. J., Zhao, Y. Y., Liu, R. Z., & Gao, Y. Z. (2022). Insight into the pharmacological effects of andrographolide in musculoskeletal disorders. Biomedicine and Pharmacotherapy, 146, Article 112583.
Majid, N. A. A., Mohamaddan, S., Omiya, T., & Notomi, M. (2016). Musculoskeletal model of awkward carrying postures. Cogent Engineering, 3(1), 1-9.
Munawir, H. (2020). Analysis of Work Posture and Manual Material Handling in a Flour Production Process. International Journal of Emerging Trends in Engineering Research, 8(7), 3720–3727.
Oestergaard, A. S., Smidt, T. F., Søgaard, K., & Sandal, L. F. (2022). Musculoskeletal disorders and perceived physical work demands among offshore wind industry technicians across different turbine sizes: A cross-sectional study. International Journal of Industrial Ergonomics, 88, Article 103278.
Okunribido, O. O., & Gingell, A. (2014). Delivering meat carcasses/cuts to craft-butcher shops: An investigation of work characteristics and manual handling hazards. Applied Ergonomics, 45(6), 1530–1539.
Siddiqui, L. A., Banerjee, A., Chokhandre, P., & Unisa, S. (2021). Prevalence and predictors of musculoskeletal disorders (MSDs) among weavers of Varanasi, India: A cross-sectional study. Clinical Epidemiology and Global Health, 12, Article 100918.
Sirisawasd, S., Taptagaporn, S., Boonshuyar, C., & Earde, P. (2018). Interventions commonly used to prevent work-related musculoskeletal disorders among healthcare workers. Journal of Health Research, 32(5), 371–383.
Sombatsawat, E., Luangwilai, T., Ong-artborirak, P., & Siriwong, W. (2019). Musculoskeletal disorders among rice farmers in Phimai District, Nakhon Ratchasima Province, Thailand. Journal of Health Research, 33(6), 494–503.
Suryoputro, M. R., Wildani, K., & Sari, A. D. (2018). Analysis of manual material handling activity to increase work productivity (Case study: Manufacturing company). MATEC Web of Conferences, 154.
Thamrin, Y., Pasinringi, S., Darwis, A. M., & Putra, I. S. (2021a). Musculoskeletal disorders problems and its relation to age, working periods, and smoking habit among fishermen. Gaceta Sanitaria, 35, S417–S420.
Thamrin, Y., Pasinringi, S., Darwis, A. M., & Putra, I. S. (2021b). Relation of body mass index and work posture to musculoskeletal disorders among fishermen. Gaceta Sanitaria, 35, S79–S82.
Wilhelm, M., Manghisi, V. M., Uva, A., Fiorentino, M., Bräutigam, V., Engelmann, B., & Schmitt, J. (2020). ErgoTakt: A novel approach of human-centered balancing of manual assembly lines. Procedia CIRP, 97, 354–360.
Yusof, A., Shahida, N., & Shalahim, M. (2020). Investigation of ergonomic risk factors among male workers in a medical manufacturing company in Northern Malayasia. Malaysian Journal of Public Health Medicine, 20(1), 167-175.
How to Cite
Copyright (c) 2022 International Journal of Industrial Engineering and Engineering Management
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
The copyright of the received article shall be assigned to the journal as the publisher of the journal. The intended copyright includes the right to publish the article in various forms (including reprints). The journal maintains the publishing rights to the published articles.
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License