PENGARUH MODAL SOSIAL TERHADAP PERTUMBUHAN EKONOMI PROVINSI DI INDONESIA: ANALISIS DATA SUSENAS 2009

Authors

  • Bambang Suryanggono

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.24002/kinerja.v17i2.376

Abstract

The objective of this study is to ne out the effect of social capital on economic growth in all the provinces of
Indonesia. By using cross-sectional data from all the provinces of Indonesia, it can be concluded as follows:
(1) The values of the stock of social capital in the provinces of Indonesia were on average 68.80 indicating that
societies in Indonesia have relatively good social capital. (2) Trust has the dominant contribution compared
with other subdimension of social capital. (3) Regions with Javanese cultural values have the high stock of
subdimension of trust on apparatus and group; the low stock of subdimension of trust on neighbor occurred in
areas with social con icts caused societies tending to be careful and alert on their surrounding environment;
the low stock of subdimension of religious and ethnic tolerance occurred in regions applying Islamic sharia
in local regulations due to lack of accuracy in implementation; the high stock of subdimension of solidarity
occurred in areas with the high level of familial relationship; egoism and individualist attitude will cause the
low stock of subdimension of networks. (4) Typological analysis indicates that 66.67 percent of provinces in
Indonesia described the pattern of relationship between social capital and economic growth. (5) The stock of
subdimension of solidarity and the stock of subdimension of religious and ethnic tolerance has a signi cant
positive effect on GRDP per capita; the stock of subdimension of trust on apparatus and group as well as the
stock of subdimension of networks have a quadratic function pattern and have a signi cant effect on GRDP per
capita; meanwhile, the stock of subdimension of trust on neighbor has a quadratic function pattern and has no
signi cant effect on GRDP per capita.
Keywords: Social Capital, Economic Growth, Indonesia.

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Published

2013-09-01

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